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Sunday, September 6, 2009

History of Hartley Wintney, Hampshire, England

Hartley Wintney, Hampshire, England is the source of the Henwood line that I have traced to 1827. Many of the ancestors stayed in the area.

It is a village and civil parish in the English county of Hampshire. Following is history from the wickapedia.

It is recorded in the 13th century as Hertleye Wynteneye which means "the clearing in the forest where the deer graze by Winta's island". Winta was probably a Saxon who owned the island in the marshes where a priory of Cistercian nuns was founded in the middle of the 12th century.
In prehistoric times, the area was probably fairly heavily wooded with a lake and a marshy area. Although Roman settlement here cannot be proved, there were Roman settlements not far away at Odiham and Silchester. A small settlement around a wooden church in the vicinity of St Mary's Church would possibly have existed in Saxon times. The village would have been included in the Hundred of Odiham in the Domesday Book of 1086. It was part of King Harold's royal estate at Odiham and after 1066 it became King William's land. About 100 years after the Conquest the lands comprising Hartley Wintney became a separate manor owned by the FitzPeters family. This family subsequently gave land to the Cistercians to found a priory of nuns. A deer park, which stretched from Odiham to the outskirts of the settlement and to the north, was used for 600 years by Royalty and others for hunting and the wood was used for fuel.
The red-brick parish church of St John over looks the green and the elegant Mildmay oak trees beyond. The oaks were planted by Lady St John Mildmay in response to the call, in 1807, by Admiral Collingwood following the Battle of Trafalgar for landowners to plant oaks to provide timber for naval ships. The cricket green, home of the oldest cricket club in Hampshire, is behind the shops adjoining a second picturesque duckpond and Dutch-gabled farmhouse.
In 1831, the village (excluding Elvetham and Hartfordbridge) had a population of 1139.
Project Background At Family TreeDNA for Hampshire Group
Hampshire (also known as Southampton before 1800) is dotted with ancient burial mounds. A large county in southern England which borders on the English Channel with its great ports of Southampton and Portsmouth; it also sweeps inland with gentle rolling hills towards the great cities of Andover and Basingstoke just an hour from London. The intent of this project is to establish a database of the varied y DNA which is found in Hampshire and to understand the genetic history of this county which is mentioned very often in the Domesday Book.

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